What is a macular hole?
A macular hole is an abnormal opening that forms in the macula. The macula is the central part of the retina (“the film in the camera”). The macula is responsible for detailed central vision.
What are the symptoms?
In the very early stages of macular hole formation, symptoms may be subtle. As the macular hole develops further, the vision can become blurred and distorted. As the hole progresses, a blind spot develops in the central vision and when this happens detailed vision is lost, impairing the ability to see at both distance and close range.
The peripheral vision remains normal and there is no pain associated with a macular hole forming.
How is it diagnosed?
Dr Hilford will undertake a dilated examination of your eyes and tests such as optical coherence tomography (OCT) and/or fluorescein angiography will be required.
How is a macular hole treated?
Once a macular hole develops, vitrectomy surgery is the only definitive treatment available to repair the hole. In vitrectomy surgery is required, Dr Hilford will discuss the surgical procedure with you in considerable detail.