Common Age-Related Eye Conditions

Common Age-Related Eye Conditions

As we age, our bodies undergo various changes, and our eyes are no exception. Ageing can have a significant impact on vision, leading to the development and progression of various age-related eye conditions. Here are some of the most common eye conditions that arise with age and the affects they can have on your vision.


Cataracts are one of the most prevalent age-related eye conditions. They occur when the lens of the eye becomes cloudy, causing blurred vision and difficulty in focusing. Cataracts commonly develop gradually over time, leading to a gradual decline in vision. Symptoms may include cloudy or dim vision, sensitivity to light, and difficulty seeing at night. Cataracts can be treated through surgical removal of the cloudy lens and replacement with an artificial lens.

Age-related Macular Degeneration (AMD)

AMD is another common eye condition that affects older individuals. It can be either wet or dry. It affects the macula, a part of the retina responsible for central vision. As the macula deteriorates, it can lead to a loss of vision and have a significant impact on daily activities such as reading and driving. While there is no cure for AMD, treatments such as medication, injections and laser therapy can help slow down its progression and manage its symptoms.


Glaucoma is characterised by damage to the optic nerve, which carries visual signals from the eye to the brain. It is often associated with increased pressure inside the eye. Glaucoma can cause marginal vision loss, and if left untreated, it can lead to permanent vision impairment or blindness. Early detection and treatment are crucial in managing glaucoma. Treatment options may include eye drops, oral medications, laser therapy, or surgery.

Dry Eye Syndrome

Dry Eye Syndrome is a common condition among older individuals, particularly in postmenopausal women. This can lead to discomfort, redness, a gritty sensation, and blurry vision. Management of dry eye syndrome may involve the use of artificial tears, prescription eye drops, or lifestyle changes to reduce eye strain.

In summary, ageing can have a profound impact on vision, often leading to the development of various age-related eye conditions. Regular eye exams and early detection are crucial in managing these conditions and preserving eye health. If you notice any changes in your vision, it is essential to consult with an eye specialist for proper diagnosis and treatment.

If you have concerns regarding your vision and how it has been impacted by ageing, please get in touch with us here to arrange an initial consultation.

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