Dry Eyes: Causes, Symptoms, and Effective Management Strategies

Dry Eyes: Causes, Symptoms, and Effective Management Strategies

Dry eyes, also known as dry eye syndrome, is a common condition that can lead to discomfort, irritation, and a range of symptoms that can significantly impact a person’s quality of life. 

Contributing Factors and Causes

There are several factors that can contribute to the development of dry eyes. One of the most common causes is ageing. As we get older, our tear production can decrease, making us more susceptible to developing dry eyes. Other factors that can contribute to dry eyes include certain medical conditions such as diabetes and thyroid disorders. Environmental factors like dry climates, smoke, and excessive screen time can also exacerbate the symptoms of dry eyes.


The symptoms of dry eyes can vary from person to person, but some of the most common signs include a stinging or burning sensation in the eyes, redness, blurred vision, sensitivity to light, and the feeling of having something in the eye – this is often referred to as a “gritty” feeling within the eye. These symptoms can be mild or severe, depending on the underlying cause and the individual’s overall eye health.


Managing dry eyes effectively involves both lifestyle changes and medical interventions. One of the simplest ways to alleviate dry eye symptoms is to use artificial tears or lubricating eye drops. These over-the-counter products can help to moisturise the eyes and provide temporary relief from dryness and discomfort. 

In addition to using artificial tears, there are several lifestyle modifications that may help manage dry eyes. Avoiding or reducing exposure to dry and windy environments can also help. For more severe cases of dry eyes, your eye specialist may recommend prescription medications or procedures. Prescription eye drops may help reduce inflammation. 

It is important to consult with a healthcare professional if you are experiencing persistent or severe dry eye symptoms to determine the underlying cause and develop an appropriate treatment plan. If you have concerns regarding your vision and eye health including dry eyes, please get in touch with us here to arrange an initial consultation. 

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